**NCES.Phy.1.1**- Analyze the motion of objects.**NCES.Phy.1.1.1**- Analyze motion graphically and numerically using vectors, graphs and calculations.**NCES.Phy.1.1.2**- Analyze motion in one dimension using time, distance, displacement, velocity, and acceleration.**NCES.Phy.1.1.3**- Analyze motion in two dimensions using angle of trajectory, time, distance, displacement, velocity, and acceleration.

**NCES.Phy.1.2**- Analyze systems of forces and their interaction with matter.**NCES.Phy.1.2.1**- Analyze forces and systems of forces graphically and numerically using vectors, graphs and calculations.**NCES.Phy.1.2.2**- Analyze systems of forces in one dimension and two dimensions using free body diagrams.**NCES.Phy.1.2.3**- Explain forces using Newton's laws of motion as well as the universal law of gravitation.**NCES.Phy.1.2.4**- Explain the effects of forces (including weight, normal, tension and friction) on objects.**NCES.Phy.1.2.5**- Analyze basic forces related to rotation in a circular path (centripetal force).

**NCES.Phy.1.3**- Analyze the motion of objects based on the principles of conservation of momentum, conservation of energy and impulse.**NCES.Phy.1.3.1**- Analyze the motion of objects involved in completely elastic and completely inelastic collisions by using the principles of conservation of momentum and conservation of energy.**NCES.Phy.1.3.2**- Analyze the motion of objects based on the relationship between momentum and impulse.

**NCES.Phy.2.1**- Understand the concepts of work, energy, and power, as well as the relationship among them.**NCES.Phy.2.1.1**- Interpret data on work and energy presented graphically and numerically.**NCES.Phy.2.1.2**- Compare the concepts of potential and kinetic energy and conservation of total mechanical energy in the description of the motion of objects.**NCES.Phy.2.1.3**- Explain the relationship among work, power and energy.

**NCES.Phy.2.2**- Analyze the behavior of waves.**NCES.Phy.2.2.1**- Analyze how energy is transmitted through waves, using the fundamental characteristics of waves: wavelength, period, frequency, amplitude, and wave velocity.**NCES.Phy.2.2.2**- Analyze wave behaviors in terms of transmission, reflection, refraction and interference.**NCES.Phy.2.2.3**- Compare mechanical and electromagnetic waves in terms of wave characteristics and behavior (specifically sound and light).

**NCES.Phy.2.3**- Analyze the nature of moving charges and electric circuits.**NCES.Phy.2.3.1**- Explain Ohm's law in relation to electric circuits.**NCES.Phy.2.3.2**- Differentiate the behavior of moving charges in conductors and insulators.**NCES.Phy.2.3.3**- Compare the general characteristics of AC and DC systems without calculations.**NCES.Phy.2.3.4**- Analyze electric systems in terms of their energy and power.**NCES.Phy.2.3.5**- Analyze systems with multiple potential differences and resistors connected in series and parallel circuits, both conceptually and mathematically, in terms of voltage, current and resistance.

**NCES.Phy.3.1**- Explain charges and electrostatic systems.**NCES.Phy.3.1.1**- Explain qualitatively the fundamental properties of the interactions of charged objects.**NCES.Phy.3.1.2**- Explain the geometries and magnitudes of electric fields.**NCES.Phy.3.1.3**- Explain how Coulomb's law relates to the electrostatic interactions among charged objects.**NCES.Phy.3.1.4**- Explain the mechanisms for producing electrostatic charges, including charging by friction, conduction, and induction.**NCES.Phy.3.1.5**- Explain how differences in electrostatic potentials relate to the potential energy of charged objects.

**NCES.Phy.3.2**- Explain the concept of magnetism.**NCES.Phy.3.2.1**- Explain the relationship between magnetic domains and magnetism.**NCES.Phy.3.2.2**- Explain how electric currents produce various magnetic fields.**NCES.Phy.3.2.3**- Explain how transformers and power distributions are applications of electromagnetism.